The clear economic gap between the economically more developed regions in Indonesia which are Java, parts of Sumatra and Bali, and the rest of Indonesia (generally called Indonesia BagianTimur or Eastern Indonesia) is an important political, social and economic challenge that Indonesia is working to address. Energy infrastructure is one of the most crucial economic enablers that will help close this economic gap. As such, improving energy infrastructure in Eastern Indonesia is one of the most high leverage activities the Government can undertake to address the existing economic disparity between these regions.
HTMR with its modular design, intrinsically safe Generation IV technology and cogeneration capability is particularly well suited to addressing Indonesia’s energy infrastructure imbalance.
HTMR’s modular design addresses many of the unique characteristics of Indonesia BagianTimur. Much of eastern Indonesia can be characterized by lower population densities, smaller developing power grids, poor transport and port infrastructure and poor access to fuel sources. A smaller, modular power solution provided by HTMR is well suited to this type of environment. Units can be added to increase power production capacity as the economy in the region grows. A single 25MW HTMR reactor could be deployed or a cluster of 4 X 25MW could be deployed to achieve 100MW, depending on the requirements of the region. Additionally, deployment of a “pebble bed” type HTMR will allow authorities to produce power on a non-interrupted basis because there is no annual “downtime” for fuel exchange. This is particularly important on small power grids with little redundancy.
The intrinsically safe, meltdown-proof Generation IV design with added high seismic-resistance features employed in HTMR addresses the critical issues of safe, reliable operations. Eastern Indonesia has high seismic and volcanic activity. Many regions are also remote from areas with high concentration of technical expertise. HTMR’s unique slow transient time and low demand for operators’ interference features also addresses well these issues.
Eastern Indonesia is an economy with high and growing demand for power and is rich with natural resources. Minerals, energy resouce, fishery and tourism are the important basis for economic development, HTMR’s ability to provide remote regions with both electricity and heat for industrial processing is particularly attractive and will help Indonesia unlock the full value of its precious natural potential in Eastern Indonesia.
The Indonesian Government Regulation No. 23/2010 prohibiting export of mineral without first having value added processing became effective in January 2014. HTMR with electricity-heat cogeneration can provide the needed energy for value-added processing of the minerals exported from Indonesia. In addition to various metal smelting processes, coal gasification/liquefaction is a viable option for improving the economic value of coal in Indonesia. The technical feasibility of this technology has been well studied. Hydrogen generation for fertilizer is useful for both value-added processing of natural gas as well as domestic consumption. In this regard, Steam-Methane Reforming is a practical option for which HTMR can be the energy source.