BATAN and RDE Project
Indonesia has passed a number of regulations on the use of nuclear energy, including Act No : 10/1997 and Act No. 17/ 2007, providing mandate to the development of safe nuclear power technology in Indonesia for the utmost benefit for the people’s welfare and prosperity. The national agency for atomic energy in Indonesia is called BATAN (National Nuclear Energy Agency). As a non-departmental government agency, BATAN is under the President of the Republic of Indonesia and coordinated by the State Ministry of Research and Technology. BATAN's main duties are to conduct government activities in the field of research, development, and the beneficial applications of nuclear energy in accordance with law and regulation.
The Act No. 17/2007 specifically requires that the demonstration of of nuclear power should be initiated during the period spanning 2015-2019 with particular emphasis on the safety factor. This led to BATAN’s plan to build an Experimental Power Reactor (EPR, or in Indonesian: RDE for Reaktor Daya Eksperimental) that will demonstrate Indonesia’s ability to build and safely operate nuclear power stations to meet the needs of the Indonesian society and economy. The design and the technology of the RDE should be suitable for subsequent commercial use by utilities and independent power producers around the country.
In order to meet the legal requirement that the nuclear reactors built in Indonesia must be completely safe, BATAN requires that reactors be Generation IV reactors that are melt-down proof and intrinsically safe, such as HTMR. Nuclear power in Indonesia must also reflect the country’s unique geographic characteristics. Apart from Java and its surrounding economically more developed regions, most of the country requires small modular reactors that can provide distributed and off-grid generation for the country’s many islands and remote locations.

HTMR proposes supporting BATAN’s work on the EPR project through a collaborative partnering approach. The main part of the proposed collaborative partnership is a comprehensive transfer of world’s HTGR technology to BATAN, achieved mainly by systematic working side-by-side between the world experts and BATAN staff in each key position in the design, engineering, safety analyses, management of the procurement and construction of the RDE, and operation of the RDE.

Another important aspect of the technology transfer is establishment of HTMR fuel manufacturing in Indonesia, so as to ensure the acquisition by Indonesia the capability, when necessary, to be completely independent in energy fuel supply. HTMR is willing, in cooperation with BATAN, to establish comprehensive fuel production line in Indonesia that covers the manufacturing of pebble fuel and TRISO fuel particles, using both uranium and thorium. Indonesia has both of these important nuclear fuel resources.  Thorium is a better fuel than uranium due to its performance, safety characteristics, and simpler waste management. It is also a better fuel option for Indonesia as it is abundant in Indonesia and does not require any enrichment processes. In the past it has not been adopted as it is a less suitable material for nuclear weapon and hence uranium fuel infrastructure were invested by major nuclear countries.

The proposed collaborative partnership with BATAN will support meeting BATAN and HTMR’s objectives in creating environmental friendly, practical sustainable energy solutions for Indonesia and Indonesian people.  The transfer of HTGR technology is essential for creating the “By Indonesian” and “Made in Indonesia” attributes of these “For Indonesia” energy solutions.  This can be achieved while preserving and making the best use of Indonesia’s limited fossil fuel reserves; and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, climate change and environmental degradation.


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