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HTMR proposes supporting BATAN’s work on the EPR project through a collaborative partnering approach. The main part of the proposed collaborative partnership is a comprehensive transfer of world’s HTGR technology to BATAN, achieved mainly by systematic working side-by-side between the world experts and BATAN staff in each key position in the design, engineering, safety analyses, management of the procurement and construction of the RDE, and operation of the RDE.
Another important aspect of the technology transfer is establishment of HTMR fuel manufacturing in Indonesia, so as to ensure the acquisition by Indonesia the capability, when necessary, to be completely independent in energy fuel supply. HTMR is willing, in cooperation with BATAN, to establish comprehensive fuel production line in Indonesia that covers the manufacturing of pebble fuel and TRISO fuel particles, using both uranium and thorium. Indonesia has both of these important nuclear fuel resources. Thorium is a better fuel than uranium due to its performance, safety characteristics, and simpler waste management. It is also a better fuel option for Indonesia as it is abundant in Indonesia and does not require any enrichment processes. In the past it has not been adopted as it is a less suitable material for nuclear weapon and hence uranium fuel infrastructure were invested by major nuclear countries.
The proposed collaborative partnership with BATAN will support meeting BATAN and HTMR’s objectives in creating environmental friendly, practical sustainable energy solutions for Indonesia and Indonesian people. The transfer of HTGR technology is essential for creating the “By Indonesian” and “Made in Indonesia” attributes of these “For Indonesia” energy solutions. This can be achieved while preserving and making the best use of Indonesia’s limited fossil fuel reserves; and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, climate change and environmental degradation.