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The Indonesian Government under President Joko Widodo has placed important economic development priority on food, energy and marine development. HTMRs can be utilized to play important roles in the energy and marine development. According to Prof Rochmin Dahuri, a marine and fishery professor of the Bogor Institute of Agriculture, Indonesia has the largest marine economic potential in the world, with a potential and sustained marine yield of US$1.2 billion a year. This potential could create 40 million jobs or one third of the country's workforce. However, to materialize this potential, there are a number of challenges that must be overcome, including financing, infrastructure, technology, management, and threat from illegal fishing and unfair-competition from modern and large (mainly foreign) fishing/fish processing ships. Our HTMR products can be utilized to provide parts of solutions to all of these challenges.
As a case study, we have chosen the province of North Maluku due to its characteristics deemed suitable for HTMR. During the past five years, economic growth in this province has averaged around 7% which is above national average. The region has abundant in natural resources, for example nickel and gold in Halmahera, and the marine resources is estimated to be at 1,035,230 tons. Although blessed with natural resources, electricity is still in short supply especially for smaller islands outside of Ternate and Tidore. The available power is mainly used for household lighting and not enough to power productive economic activities. Now most of the electricity comes from diesel generators, many of which are in not in good conditions resulting in frequent blackouts. According to the 10-year plan by the state utility PLN, the government has plans to build geothermal power plants in Halmahera with potential capacity of around 40MW. However other alternative energy resources in the region are quite limited, therefore there is a need to find alternative energy resources that suit the local needs and geographical conditions.
With its electricity-process heat cogeneration feature, HTMR-25 can be built on the shore North Maluku to generate 7MWe electricity and 3MWth process heat for cold storage, ice making, and sea water desalination. Using absorption cooling technology, most of the energy for cold storage and ice making can be supplied for the waste heat from the HTMR-25 unit. Other than for the local community, the electricity and drinking water produced can be used for the tourism industry, which in turn can generate enough revenues to improve the island infrastructure. Many islands in the area, for example Morotai island, have unique attractions such as marine ecology and historical artifacts from World Ward II period. With the availability of cold storage and ice, local fishermen can now sail further to catch more fish and become more competitive.
With the modularity of the HTMR25 and HTMR100, additional power generating capacity can be installed as local economy grows and demand for energy increases. The increased electricity and heat generation capacity will also be useful for boosting the other sectors of economic development, such as mineral and agricultural processing plants. If a long-term development can be visualized and supported, HTMR Asia Development is able to facilitate international participation in a more comprehensive marine infrastructure development package. The package will not only cover the HTMR units, the absorption technology-based cold storage and ice making, the desalination, but the other parts of infrastructure as well. The latter may include harbour infrastructure development/improvement, sea-food processing plant, hotels for tourism, and others.